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Job a Theological Outline and Theme

Job

Outline of Job

  • Prologue
  • Dialogues
    • Job’s lament
    • Job and Friends (each speaks), 1st cycle
    • Job and Friends, 2nd cycle
    • Job’s Discourses
    • Elihu’s Speeches
    • Job and God
  • Epilogue

Author, Date

  • No author named
  • Consensus of non-traditional scholars: Long period of editing & much revising

The book of Job was revised over a long period and things were added to it later down the road. (See below)

  • Prose intro. & conclusion provided by editing in ancient folktale
  • Later editions: Speeches of Elihu, Yahweh; poem to wisdom (Ch. 28)
  • Lack of consensus about earliest content

(Traditional) Theologically conservative view:

  • Original form is the present form
  • Jewish tradition claims that Moses wrote and edited Job
  • Many: Job was written early
  • Some: Job was written late
  • Some: We simply cannot determine (Wisest position)

Setting of Narrative

  • Lam 4:21
  • Job 1:1-5
  • Gen 5:3-8
  • Gen 11:10-26
  • Job 42:16

We look at the lifespans of the other Biblical characters and we can accurately place job around the Abrahamic time. However, we do not know for sure as to the Bible does not clarify.

Location of Uz

  • Location is not exactly known, but there are indications
  • Not in Israel, Lam 4:21-22
  • Customs, descriptions of land and animals consistent with that of Edom
  • Chaldean (Babylonian) raiders, mentioned in Job, lived in Edom near the Euphrates River & Syria
  • Location outside Israel highlights the universal message of Job.

God wants to bless all of those on earth. Job was not Jewish and God blessed Him. Salvation was and is for all! (more examples in Ruth)

Message of Job

Job 1:1-5

Does God allow Satan to bring misfortune upon Job because Job is:

  • Sinful
  • Righteous
  • Does not matter how sinful or

Does God allow misfortune to come upon Job because Job is:

  • Lacking faith ß This also makes sense, since we can always be growing in our faith in the Lord
  • A man of faith ß The view that I a line with based on verses (8-10)
  • This does not depend on his faith. ß Future lesson to apply to our lives

Reasons for Job’s Suffering

God presents Job as a demonstration (“exhibit A”) to the heavenly realm that:

  • God is worthy of faith and love, who He is
  • Sincere faith and love for God, apart from any ulterior motive, is possible
  • Faith and love for God are not payments to require to get His blessing.

Audience of Gods Demonstration

  • God is trying to teach someone something, but the people who are being taught are NOT job and his friends
  • Gods primary “student body” is: the heavenly court: Satan and the others in this court.
  • In chapter 1, who knows the reason for Job’s sufferings?
    • God
    • Satan
    • Angels
    • Readers of the book of Job
  • Who does not know?
    • Job (poor Job…)
    • His Friends

Why do Jobs friends say that Job suffers? Job 15:1-35

  • A godless man(v34), who trusted in His possessions(v29) and went against God (v25), and just continues in sin (v5-6) while rebelling against God.
  • Key verses in chapter 15
    • 4-6, 8, 11, 13, 15-16, 25-26, 29, 34-35

How does Job respond to his friends claim Job 9:1-21; 31:35-37

  • He feels forsaken, but wants to honor God and proclaim how God is sovereign. He feels like God is not listening.
  • Yet he remains faithful and honors God
  • (Job 9:21) “Although I am blameless, I have no concern for myself, I despise my own life.”
  • (Job 31:35) “Oh that I had someone to hear me! I sign now my defense – let the Almighty answer me.”

Our Demanding that God Answer Himself:

  • Job was demanding answers from God
  • But who ends up answering who? (Job40:7-8)
  • Relevance: When bad things happen to us
  • God is not required to explain to us His reasons

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