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Daniel Theological Themes

Daniel Theological Themes and Outline

Special Focus Topics

  • Definition of Apocalyptic
  • Chiasm in Daniel
  • Main theological theme: providence

Traditional Date

  • Jewish and Christian consensus through 1900
  • Writing in 2nd half (contested); 1st person, Daniel

Non-Traditional Scholarship

  • 2nd Century BC
  • “prophecy after the fact”
  • It was considered fiction in the ANE
  • This claim is challenged

Conservative Response

  • Dan 9:26 – He did not destroy the temple, the anointed one is not yet cut off.
  • Conservative Response: Theological liberal’s interpretation of Daniel 9 is unacceptable philosophically, and theologically.

Daniel in 2 Halves

  • 2 Divisions = Literary and Linguistic
  • 2 Aspects of Unity

Apocalyptic Writing

  • Present Setting: oppression, view: long-range future
  • Eschatological
  • Extreme use of symbolism
  • Angle reveals the future vision
  • Deterministic: end of things is pre-determined from the beginning
  • Genre’s in Daniel
    • Court Narrative 1-6
    • Apocalyptic 7-12
  • 4 Beasts in Daniel 7
    • Babylon
    • Medo-Persia
    • Greece
    • Rome
  • Linguistic Divisions
    • Aramaic 2:4b – 7:28
    • Hebrew: 1:1-2:4a; 8:1-12:13
  • Dan 2:4

Structure of Daniel 2-7

  1. four kingdom vision.
  2. Tale of Deliverance
  3. King humbled after exalting himself over God
  4. King humbled after exalting himself over God
  5. Tale of deliverance
  6. four kingdom deliverance

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